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Relationship Between Marital Transitions, Health Behaviors, and Health Indicators of Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Kutob, RM; Yuan, NP; Wertheim, BC; Sbarra, DA; Loucks, EB; Nassir, R; Bareh, G; Kim, MM; Snetselaar, LG; Thomson, CA
Published in: Journal of women's health (2002)
April 2017

Historically, marital status has been associated with lower mortality and transitions into marriage were generally accompanied by improved health status. Conversely, divorce has been associated with increased mortality, possibly mediated by changes in health behaviors.This study uses data from a prospective cohort of 79,094 postmenopausal women participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS) to examine the relationship between marital transition and health indicators (blood pressure, waist circumference, body mass index [BMI]) as well as health behaviors (diet pattern, alcohol use, physical activity, and smoking) in a sample of relatively healthy and employed women. Linear and logistic regression modeling were used to test associations, controlling for confounding factors.Women's transitions into marriage/marriage-like relationship after menopause were associated with greater increase in BMI (β = 0.22; confidence interval (95% CI), 0.11-0.33) and alcohol intake (β = 0.08; 95% CI, 0.04-0.11) relative to remaining unmarried. Divorce/separation was associated with a reduction in BMI and waist circumference, changes that were accompanied by improvements in diet quality (β = 0.78, 95% CI, 0.10-1.47) and physical activity (β = 0.98, 95% CI, 0.12-1.85), relative to women who remained married.Contrary to earlier literature, these findings among well-educated, predominantly non-Hispanic white women suggest that marital transitions after menopause are accompanied by modifiable health outcomes/behaviors that are more favorable for women experiencing divorce/separation than those entering a new marriage.

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Published In

Journal of women's health (2002)

DOI

EISSN

1931-843X

ISSN

1540-9996

Publication Date

April 2017

Volume

26

Issue

4

Start / End Page

313 / 320

Related Subject Headings

  • Women's Health
  • Widowhood
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Public Health
  • Prospective Studies
  • Postmenopause
  • Middle Aged
  • Marriage
  • Marital Status
  • Life Style
 

Citation

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Chicago
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Kutob, R. M., Yuan, N. P., Wertheim, B. C., Sbarra, D. A., Loucks, E. B., Nassir, R., … Thomson, C. A. (2017). Relationship Between Marital Transitions, Health Behaviors, and Health Indicators of Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative. Journal of Women’s Health (2002), 26(4), 313–320. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2016.5925
Kutob, Randa M., Nicole P. Yuan, Betsy C. Wertheim, David A. Sbarra, Eric B. Loucks, Rami Nassir, Gihan Bareh, Mimi M. Kim, Linda G. Snetselaar, and Cynthia A. Thomson. “Relationship Between Marital Transitions, Health Behaviors, and Health Indicators of Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative.Journal of Women’s Health (2002) 26, no. 4 (April 2017): 313–20. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2016.5925.
Kutob RM, Yuan NP, Wertheim BC, Sbarra DA, Loucks EB, Nassir R, et al. Relationship Between Marital Transitions, Health Behaviors, and Health Indicators of Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative. Journal of women’s health (2002). 2017 Apr;26(4):313–20.
Kutob, Randa M., et al. “Relationship Between Marital Transitions, Health Behaviors, and Health Indicators of Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative.Journal of Women’s Health (2002), vol. 26, no. 4, Apr. 2017, pp. 313–20. Epmc, doi:10.1089/jwh.2016.5925.
Kutob RM, Yuan NP, Wertheim BC, Sbarra DA, Loucks EB, Nassir R, Bareh G, Kim MM, Snetselaar LG, Thomson CA. Relationship Between Marital Transitions, Health Behaviors, and Health Indicators of Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative. Journal of women’s health (2002). 2017 Apr;26(4):313–320.
Journal cover image

Published In

Journal of women's health (2002)

DOI

EISSN

1931-843X

ISSN

1540-9996

Publication Date

April 2017

Volume

26

Issue

4

Start / End Page

313 / 320

Related Subject Headings

  • Women's Health
  • Widowhood
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Public Health
  • Prospective Studies
  • Postmenopause
  • Middle Aged
  • Marriage
  • Marital Status
  • Life Style