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Risk of Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, and Death After Retinal Vein Occlusion.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Wai, KM; Ludwig, CA; Koo, E; Parikh, R; Mruthyunjaya, P; Rahimy, E
Published in: Am J Ophthalmol
January 2024

PURPOSE: To examine rates of stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), and death in patients after retinal vein occlusion (RVO) compared to controls. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: An aggregated electronic health records research network, TriNetX, was used to identify patients with diagnosis of RVO and a control group of patients with cataract. Patients were excluded if they had history of stroke, MI, DVT, or PE within 2 years of diagnosis of RVO or cataract. Propensity score matching was performed to control for baseline demographics and medical comorbidities. Main outcomes included relative risk (RR) of death, stroke, MI, DVT, and PE after RVO compared to those in matched controls. RESULTS: A total of 45,304 patients were included in each cohort. There was elevated risk of death in the RVO cohort compared to the control cohort at 1 year (RR = 1.30, P < .01), 5 years (RR = 1.22, P < .01), and 10 years (RR = 1.08, P < .01). There was elevated risk of stroke at 1 year (RR = 1.61, P < .01), 5 years (RR = 1.31, P < .01), and 10 years (RR = 1.18, P < .01). There was elevated risk of MI at 1 year (RR = 1.26, P < .01) and 5 years (RR = 1.13, P < .01), but not at 10 years (RR = 1.06, P = .12). There was mildly elevated risk of DVT at 1 year (RR = 1.65, P < .01) but not at 5 years (RR = 0.94, P = .94) or 10 years (RR = 1.05, P = .37). There was no elevated risk of PE at 1 year (RR = 0.98, P = 0.80), 5 years (RR = 0.95, P = .42), or 10 years (RR = 0.85, P =.40). CONCLUSIONS: There is an increased rate of death, stroke, and MI after RVO compared to those in matched controls. We emphasize the need for long-term systemic evaluation after RVO.

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Published In

Am J Ophthalmol

DOI

EISSN

1879-1891

Publication Date

January 2024

Volume

257

Start / End Page

129 / 136

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Stroke
  • Risk Factors
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Retinal Vein Occlusion
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • Ophthalmology & Optometry
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Humans
  • Cataract
  • 3212 Ophthalmology and optometry
 

Citation

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Wai, K. M., Ludwig, C. A., Koo, E., Parikh, R., Mruthyunjaya, P., & Rahimy, E. (2024). Risk of Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, and Death After Retinal Vein Occlusion. Am J Ophthalmol, 257, 129–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2023.08.022
Wai, Karen M., Cassie A. Ludwig, Euna Koo, Ravi Parikh, Prithvi Mruthyunjaya, and Ehsan Rahimy. “Risk of Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, and Death After Retinal Vein Occlusion.Am J Ophthalmol 257 (January 2024): 129–36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2023.08.022.
Wai KM, Ludwig CA, Koo E, Parikh R, Mruthyunjaya P, Rahimy E. Risk of Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, and Death After Retinal Vein Occlusion. Am J Ophthalmol. 2024 Jan;257:129–36.
Wai, Karen M., et al. “Risk of Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, and Death After Retinal Vein Occlusion.Am J Ophthalmol, vol. 257, Jan. 2024, pp. 129–36. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2023.08.022.
Wai KM, Ludwig CA, Koo E, Parikh R, Mruthyunjaya P, Rahimy E. Risk of Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, and Death After Retinal Vein Occlusion. Am J Ophthalmol. 2024 Jan;257:129–136.
Journal cover image

Published In

Am J Ophthalmol

DOI

EISSN

1879-1891

Publication Date

January 2024

Volume

257

Start / End Page

129 / 136

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Stroke
  • Risk Factors
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Retinal Vein Occlusion
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • Ophthalmology & Optometry
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Humans
  • Cataract
  • 3212 Ophthalmology and optometry