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The effect of women's status on infant and child mortality in four rural areas of Bangladesh.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Hossain, MB; Phillips, JF; Pence, B
Published in: J Biosoc Sci
May 2007

In South Asia women are often the primary decision-makers regarding child health care, family health and nutrition. This paper examines the proposition that constraints on women's status adversely affect the survival of their children. Survey data are used to construct indices of women's household autonomy and authority, which are then linked to longitudinal data on survival of their children. Proportional hazard models indicate that enhanced autonomy significantly decreases post-neonatal mortality. Enhanced household authority significantly decreases child mortality. A simulation based on estimated effects of eliminating gender inequality suggests that achieving complete gender equality could reduce child mortality by nearly fifty per cent and post-neonatal mortality by one-third.

Duke Scholars

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Published In

J Biosoc Sci

DOI

ISSN

0021-9320

Publication Date

May 2007

Volume

39

Issue

3

Start / End Page

355 / 366

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Women's Rights
  • Social Environment
  • Social Dominance
  • Social Class
  • Rural Population
  • Rural Health
  • Population Surveillance
  • Mothers
  • Models, Statistical
  • Infant, Newborn
 

Citation

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Hossain, M. B., Phillips, J. F., & Pence, B. (2007). The effect of women's status on infant and child mortality in four rural areas of Bangladesh. J Biosoc Sci, 39(3), 355–366. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002193200600143X
Hossain, Mian B., James F. Phillips, and Brian Pence. “The effect of women's status on infant and child mortality in four rural areas of Bangladesh.J Biosoc Sci 39, no. 3 (May 2007): 355–66. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002193200600143X.
Hossain MB, Phillips JF, Pence B. The effect of women's status on infant and child mortality in four rural areas of Bangladesh. J Biosoc Sci. 2007 May;39(3):355–66.
Hossain, Mian B., et al. “The effect of women's status on infant and child mortality in four rural areas of Bangladesh.J Biosoc Sci, vol. 39, no. 3, May 2007, pp. 355–66. Pubmed, doi:10.1017/S002193200600143X.
Hossain MB, Phillips JF, Pence B. The effect of women's status on infant and child mortality in four rural areas of Bangladesh. J Biosoc Sci. 2007 May;39(3):355–366.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Biosoc Sci

DOI

ISSN

0021-9320

Publication Date

May 2007

Volume

39

Issue

3

Start / End Page

355 / 366

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Women's Rights
  • Social Environment
  • Social Dominance
  • Social Class
  • Rural Population
  • Rural Health
  • Population Surveillance
  • Mothers
  • Models, Statistical
  • Infant, Newborn