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Skills, exports, and the wages of seven million latin American workers

Publication ,  Journal Article
Brambilla, I; Dix-Carneiro, R; Lederman, D; Porto, G
Published in: World Bank Economic Review
January 1, 2012

The returns to schooling and the skill premium are key parameters in various fields and policy debates, including the literatures on globalization and inequality, international migration, and technological change. This paper explores the skill premium and its correlation with exports in Latin America, thus linking the skill premium to the emerging literature on the structure of trade and development. Using data on employment and wages for over seven million workers from sixteen Latin American economies, the authors estimate national and industry-specific returns to schooling and skill premiums and study some of their determinants. The evidence suggests that both country and industry characteristics are important in explaining returns to schooling and skill premiums. The analyses also suggest that the incidence of exports within industries, the average income per capita within countries, and the relative abundance of skilled workers are related to the underlying industry and country characteristics that explain these parameters. In particular, sectoral exports are positively correlated with the skill premium at the industry level, a result that supports recent trade models linking exports with wages and the demand for skills. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK. All rights reserved.

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Published In

World Bank Economic Review

DOI

EISSN

1564-698X

ISSN

0258-6770

Publication Date

January 1, 2012

Volume

26

Issue

1

Start / End Page

34 / 60

Related Subject Headings

  • Economics
  • 3803 Economic theory
  • 3802 Econometrics
  • 3801 Applied economics
  • 14 Economics
 

Citation

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Brambilla, I., Dix-Carneiro, R., Lederman, D., & Porto, G. (2012). Skills, exports, and the wages of seven million latin American workers. World Bank Economic Review, 26(1), 34–60. https://doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhr020
Brambilla, I., R. Dix-Carneiro, D. Lederman, and G. Porto. “Skills, exports, and the wages of seven million latin American workers.” World Bank Economic Review 26, no. 1 (January 1, 2012): 34–60. https://doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhr020.
Brambilla I, Dix-Carneiro R, Lederman D, Porto G. Skills, exports, and the wages of seven million latin American workers. World Bank Economic Review. 2012 Jan 1;26(1):34–60.
Brambilla, I., et al. “Skills, exports, and the wages of seven million latin American workers.” World Bank Economic Review, vol. 26, no. 1, Jan. 2012, pp. 34–60. Scopus, doi:10.1093/wber/lhr020.
Brambilla I, Dix-Carneiro R, Lederman D, Porto G. Skills, exports, and the wages of seven million latin American workers. World Bank Economic Review. 2012 Jan 1;26(1):34–60.
Journal cover image

Published In

World Bank Economic Review

DOI

EISSN

1564-698X

ISSN

0258-6770

Publication Date

January 1, 2012

Volume

26

Issue

1

Start / End Page

34 / 60

Related Subject Headings

  • Economics
  • 3803 Economic theory
  • 3802 Econometrics
  • 3801 Applied economics
  • 14 Economics