Working memory abilities among children treated for medulloblastoma: parent report and child performance.
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the 5-year postsurgical developmental trajectory of working memory (WM) in children with medulloblastoma using parent and performance-based measures. METHOD: This study included 167 patients treated for medulloblastoma. Serial assessments of WM occurred at predetermined time points for 5 years. RESULTS: There was a subtle, statistically significant increase in parental concern about WM, coupled with a statistically significant decrease in age-standardized scores on performance-based measures. However, whole-group mean scores on both parent and performance-based measures remained in the age-expected range. Posterior fossa syndrome was consistently associated with poorer WM. Younger age at treatment and higher treatment intensity were associated with greater negative change in WM performance only. CONCLUSIONS: Most children treated for medulloblastoma display WM within the age-appropriate range according to parent report and performance. However, the subtle negative changes over time and identified subgroups at increased risk highlight the need for ongoing monitoring of this population.
Knight, SJ; Conklin, HM; Palmer, SL; Schreiber, JE; Armstrong, CL; Wallace, D; Bonner, M; Swain, MA; Evankovich, KD; Mabbott, DJ; Boyle, R; Huang, Q; Zhang, H; Anderson, VA; Gajjar, A
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