Mechanisms and models of spinal cord stimulation for the treatment of neuropathic pain.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an established and cost-effective therapy for treating severe chronic pain. However, despite over 40 years of clinical practice and the development of novel electrode designs and treatment protocols, increases in clinical success, defined as the proportion of patients that experience 50% or greater self-reported pain relief, have stalled. An incomplete knowledge of the neural circuits and systems underlying chronic pain and the interaction of SCS with these circuits may underlie this plateau in clinical efficacy. This review summarizes prior work and identifies gaps in our knowledge regarding the neural circuits related to pain and SCS in the dorsal horn, supraspinal structures, and the Pain Matrix. In addition, this review discusses and critiques current experimental and computational models used to investigate and optimize SCS. Further research into the interactions between SCS and pain pathways in the nervous system using animal and computational models is a fruitful approach to improve this promising therapy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zhang, TC; Janik, JJ; Grill, WM

Published Date

  • June 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 1569 /

Start / End Page

  • 19 - 31

PubMed ID

  • 24802658

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24802658

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-6240

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-8993

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.brainres.2014.04.039

Language

  • eng