Target localization and signature extraction in GPR data using expectation-maximization and principal component analysis


Conference Paper

Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a very promising technology for subsurface threat detection. A successful algorithm employing GPR should achieve high detection rates at a low false-alarm rate and do so at operationally relevant speeds. GPRs measure reflections at dielectric boundaries that occur at the interfaces between different materials. These boundaries may occur at any depth, within the sensor's range, and furthermore, the dielectric changes could be such that they induce a 180 degree phase shift in the received signal relative to the emitted GPR pulse. As a result of these time-of-arrival and phase variations, extracting robust features from target responses in GPR is not straightforward. In this work, a method to mitigate polarity and alignment variations based on an expectation-maximization (EM) principal-component analysis (PCA) approach is proposed. This work demonstrates how model-based target alignment can significantly improve detection performance. Performance is measured according to the improvement in the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for classification before and after the data is properly aligned and phase-corrected. © 2014 SPIE.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Reichman, D; Morton, KD; Collins, LM; Torrione, PA

Published Date

  • January 1, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9072 /

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1996-756X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0277-786X

International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)

  • 9781628410099

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1117/12.2049874

Citation Source

  • Scopus