Molecular recognition of ketamine by a subset of olfactory G protein-coupled receptors.

Journal Article

Ketamine elicits various neuropharmacological effects, including sedation, analgesia, general anesthesia, and antidepressant activity. Through an in vitro screen, we identified four mouse olfactory receptors (ORs) that responded to ketamine. In addition to their presence in the olfactory epithelium, these G protein (heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein)-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are distributed throughout the central nervous system. To better understand the molecular basis of the interactions between ketamine and ORs, we used sequence comparison and molecular modeling to design mutations that (i) increased, reduced, or abolished ketamine responsiveness in responding receptors, and (ii) rendered nonresponding receptors responsive to ketamine. We showed that olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) that expressed distinct ORs responded to ketamine in vivo, suggesting that ORs may serve as functional targets for ketamine. The ability to both abolish and introduce responsiveness to ketamine in GPCRs enabled us to identify and confirm distinct interaction loci in the binding site, which suggested a signature ketamine-binding pocket that may guide exploration of additional receptors for this general anesthetic drug.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ho, J; Perez-Aguilar, JM; Gao, L; Saven, JG; Matsunami, H; Eckenhoff, RG

Published Date

  • March 31, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 370

Start / End Page

  • ra33 -

PubMed ID

  • 25829447

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1937-9145

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1945-0877

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/scisignal.2005912

Language

  • eng