Phaeohyphomycosis in transplant recipients: Results from the Transplant Associated Infection Surveillance Network (TRANSNET).

Published

Journal Article

Transplant recipients are at a high risk for developing invasive fungal infections. The agents of phaeohyphomycosis are environmental molds found worldwide, and they cause a broad spectrum of disease including skin and subcutaneous lesions, pneumonia, central nervous system disease, fungemia, and disseminated disease. Using data from the Transplant Associated Infection Surveillance Network (TRANSNET), we evaluated patients with proven and probable phaeohyphomycosis. Centers collected data on demographics, co-morbid conditions, clinical features, treatment, and three-month mortality. Fifty-six patients with phaeohyphomycosis were identified from 15 centers, comprising 26 stem cell transplant (SCT) and 30 solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. Median time to diagnosis post-transplant was 358 days (SCT 100 days; SOT 685 days; P = <.001). The most frequent pathogen was Alternaria species (32%). Disseminated disease was found in 55.4%. Cutaneous infection was more common in SOT (53.3% vs 23.1%; P = .021), while pulmonary disease was more common in SCT (57.7 vs. 26.7; P = .019). Voriconazole (44.6%) and amphotericin B preparations (37.5%) were the most common antifungal therapies. Overall mortality was 25% and was higher in SCT than in SOT (42% vs 10%; P = <.001). A wide variety of organisms encompass phaeohyphomycosis contributing to varying types of infection in transplant recipients. Site of infection, time to disease, and mortality varies significantly between SCT and SOT recipients. Lipid formulations of amphotericin B and voriconazole were the most common antifungals used to treat this disorder.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McCarty, TP; Baddley, JW; Walsh, TJ; Alexander, BD; Kontoyiannis, DP; Perl, TM; Walker, R; Patterson, TF; Schuster, MG; Lyon, GM; Wingard, JR; Andes, DR; Park, BJ; Brandt, ME; Pappas, PG; TRANSNET Investigators,

Published Date

  • June 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 53 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 440 - 446

PubMed ID

  • 25908651

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25908651

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1460-2709

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/mmy/myv018

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England