Prediction of cardiogenic shock using plasma B-type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fragment of its pro-hormone [corrected] concentrations in ST elevation myocardial infarction: an analysis from the ASSENT-4 Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Trial.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: Cardiogenic shock is a major cause of death in ST elevation myocardial infarction. We investigated whether determination of plasma [corrected] B-type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fragment of its pro-hormone in the acute phase of ST elevation myocardial infarction could identify patients prone to development of cardiogenic shock. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a multicenter, randomized open-label trial (ASSENT-4 PCI; ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00168792). METHODS: Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fragment of its pro-hormone were determined in available stored samples of 1016 ST elevation myocardial infarction patients without signs of cardiogenic shock at randomization to primary percutaneous coronary intervention or to full-dose tenecteplase before percutaneous coronary intervention. The end point of the present analysis was in-hospital cardiogenic shock. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In total, 57 (5.6%) patients had cardiogenic shock during index hospitalization. In-hospital cardiogenic shock increased precipitously with higher baseline concentrations of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fragment of its pro-hormone (B-type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fragment of its pro-hormone < or =67 pg/mL: 1.9%; 68-1482 pg/mL: 5.9%; >1482 pg/mL: 14.9%; p < .001). Higher plasma [corrected] B-type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fragment of its pro-hormone concentrations were predictors of in-hospital shock, especially among those patients with relatively low clinical risk (no requirement of inotropic support before angiography, systolic blood pressure >100 mm Hg, heart rate <100 bpm, Global Utilization of Streptikonase and Tissue-Plasminogen Activator for Occluded Coronary Arteries score of <122). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, higher plasma B-type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fragment of its pro-hormone concentrations remained significant predictors of shock, in addition to age, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, and randomization to facilitated percutaneous coronary intervention and Killip classification. Furthermore, plasma B-type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fragment of its pro-hormone significantly predicted in-hospital shock independently of the validated Global Utilization of Streptikonase and Tissue-Plasminogen Activator for Occluded Coronary Arteries score (p = .014). CONCLUSION: Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fragment of its pro-hormone concentrations measured early in the acute phase of ST elevation myocardial infarction are useful in predicting the development of in-hospital cardiogenic shock.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jarai, R; Huber, K; Bogaerts, K; Sinnaeve, PR; Ezekowitz, J; Ross, AM; Zeymer, U; Armstrong, PW; Van de Werf, FJ; ASSENT-4 PCI investigators,

Published Date

  • September 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1793 - 1801

PubMed ID

  • 20562693

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20562693

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1530-0293

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181eaaf2a

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States