Structural engineering with NiTi. II: Mechanical behavior and scaling
This paper continues to address the overarching goal to provide a more unified understanding of NiTi shape memory alloys intended for use in structural applications by attempting to link standard processing practice and basic materials characterization to the deformation behavior of large diameter bars. Results from cyclic tensile tests performed on large diameter Ni-rich polycrystalline NiTi bars are presented. Coupon specimens taken from deformation processed bars with diameters of 12.7, 19.1, and 31.8mm are tested along with their respective full-scale specimens. The coupon tests results reveal small and highly variable differences between specimens taken from the different size bars. The full-scale specimen tests continue to show the presence of the R phase, but lack a Lüders-like transformation. A comparison of the results suggests that coupon specimens provide only limited information in terms of the full-scale behavior. Full-scale tests using an earthquake-type loading then show similar behavior to the tensile cyclic tests suggesting the ability to use NiTi in structural applications. Overall, this paper and Tyber 2007 provide a multiscale analysis of NiTi shape memory alloys to be used by both material scientist and civil engineers in the development of applications for NiTi. © 2007 ASCE.
McCormick, J; Tyber, J; DesRoches, R; Gall, K; Maier, HJ
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