Acute respiratory failure


Book Section

© Springer-Verlag London 2014. Acute respiratory failure is a common diagnosis among critically ill children and a leading cause of morbidity, mortality, and health care expenditures in the pediatric critical care setting. This chapter examines the anatomic, developmental, and physiologic characteristics that place infants and children at risk for respiratory failure. Respiratory failure may commonly present as hypoxemia and/or hypercarbia, but may be caused by a wide array of disease processes. As such, the varied etiologies of pediatric acute respiratory failure are reviewed, including upper and lower airway obstruction, causes of hypoventilation, ventilation perfusion inequality, and diffusion impairment. The chapter concludes with a discussion of evaluation of respiratory failure and a summary of key treatment principles, including lung-protective strategies.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rehder, KJ; Turi, JL; Cheifetz, IM

Published Date

  • January 1, 2014

Book Title

  • Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Volume 1: Care of the Critically Ill or Injured Child, Second Edition

Start / End Page

  • 401 - 412

International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)

  • 9781447163619

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-1-4471-6362-6_31

Citation Source

  • Scopus