Phase II trial of 9-aminocamptothecin administered as a 72-hour continuous infusion in metastatic colorectal carcinoma.
PURPOSE: The camptothecin derivative irinotecan has demonstrated clinical activity in metastatic colorectal carcinoma in both chemotherapy-naive and fluorouracil-refractory patients. 9-Aminocamptothecin (9-AC; NSC 603071), another camptothecin derivative, was selected for clinical development based on preclinical activity, including cures in human tumor xenografts resistant to standard anticancer agents. We report a phase II trial of 9-AC in patients with previously untreated metastatic colorectal carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Colorectal cancer patients with measurable disease, a performance status of 0 to 2 (Zubrod), and no prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease received 9-AC. A cycle of therapy was 35 microg/m2/h for 72 consecutive hours (840 microg/m2/d for 3 days) and rest on days 4 to 14; a course of therapy was defined as two cycles (28 days). Patients were assessed for response after two courses. RESULTS: Seventeen patients with metastatic colorectal cancer were entered onto this trial. No complete or partial responses were noted. Treatment was well tolerated; toxic effects consisted mainly of neutropenia, nausea, vomiting, stomatitis, fatigue, and anemia. Grade 3 to 4 toxicity was limited to neutropenia (grade 3 in four patients and grade 4 in six), anemia (grade 3 in two patients), and vomiting (grade 3 in two patients). No grade 3 or 4 diarrhea occurred. Only two patients had their 9-AC dose reduced to 30 microg/m2/h. The median nadir absolute granulocyte count (AGC) was 1,500/microL. The median number of courses given was two and the median time to disease progression was 8 weeks. CONCLUSION: At the dose and schedule used in this trial, 9-AC lacked antitumor activity in metastatic colorectal cancer. 9-AC infusion schedules of longer duration are currently being investigated in this disease.
Pazdur, R; Diaz-Canton, E; Ballard, WP; Bradof, JE; Graham, S; Arbuck, SG; Abbruzzese, JL; Winn, R
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