Induction of ductal and stromal hyperplasia by basic fibroblast growth factor produced by human pancreatic carcinoma.
A histopathology study of 22 pancreatic adenocarcinoma cases revealed that 13 of the patients presented with hyperplastic lesions (atypical and non-atypical hyperplasia, mucous cell hypertrophy, focal epithelial hyperplasia, and ductal papillary hyperplasia), and 9 exhibited fibrosis adjacent to the carcinoma. All lesions expressed high levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) (p<0.0001 and p=0.0008, respectively) as compared with normal ductal epithelium. Non-atypical and atypical hyperplastic lesions also had a higher proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) labeling index (p<0.001 and p=0.0008, respectively) than normal ductal epithelium. A gradient in PCNA+ nuclei was found in acinar cells adjacent to the tumors. In 16 cases with marked fibrosis, we observed a significant increase of PCNA+ nuclei in stromal fibroblasts (p=0.0041) and significant upregulation of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) mRNA expression in adjacent tumor cells (p=0.0213). These data suggest that the production of bFGF by pancreatic cancer cells induces ductal and stromal hyperplasia of the pancreas.
Kuniyasu, H; Abbruzzese, JL; Cleary, KR; Fidler, IJ
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