Antitumor activity of epidermal growth factor receptor-related protein is mediated by inactivation of ErbB receptors and nuclear factor-kappaB in pancreatic cancer.
The erbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases plays critical roles in human cancers, including pancreatic cancer. Discovering a specific agent, which targets multiple members of the erbB family, would be important in pancreatic cancer therapy. Recently, we isolated a novel negative regulator of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), termed EGFR-related protein (ERRP), whose expression attenuates EGFR activation. In the current study, we examined the effects of recombinant ERRP on the growth and ligand-induced activation of multiple members of erbB family in three pancreatic cancer cell lines that express varying levels of EGFR and other member(s) of its family, specifically HER-2. Additionally, we compared the growth inhibitory effect of ERRP with that of Erbitux or Herceptin. Our results showed that ERRP is most effective in inhibiting proliferation of BxPC-3, HPAC, and PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cells. ERRP also inhibited ligand-induced activation of EGFR, HER-2, and HER-3 (ErbB3). In contrast, Erbitux and Herceptin only partially or modestly inhibited activation of EGFR, HER-2, and HER-3. Most importantly, ERRP was found to inhibit pancreatic tumor growth in a severe combined immunodeficient mouse xenograft model. The antitumor activity of ERRP correlates well with tumor differentiation and down-regulation of nuclear factor-kappaB activity. In summary, our results suggest that ERRP is an effective pan-erbB inhibitor, which could be a potential therapeutic agent for pancreatic cancers expressing different levels and subclasses of erbB family of proteins.
Zhang, Y; Banerjee, S; Wang, Z; Xu, H; Zhang, L; Mohammad, R; Aboukameel, A; Adsay, NV; Che, M; Abbruzzese, JL; Majumdar, APN; Sarkar, FH
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