Protein expression profiles in pancreatic adenocarcinoma compared with normal pancreatic tissue and tissue affected by pancreatitis as detected by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry.
Pancreatic cancer is a rapidly fatal disease, and there is an urgent need for early detection markers and novel therapeutic targets. The current study has used a proteomic approach of two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry (MS) to identify differentially expressed proteins in six cases of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, two normal adjacent tissues, seven cases of pancreatitis, and six normal pancreatic tissues. Protein extracts of individual sample and pooled samples of each type of tissues were separated on 2D gels using two different pH ranges. Differentially expressed protein spots were in-gel digested and identified by MS. Forty proteins were identified, of which five [i.e., alpha-amylase; copper zinc superoxide dismutase; protein disulfide isomerase, pancreatic; tropomyosin 2 (TM2); and galectin-1] had been associated previously with pancreatic disease in gene expression studies. The identified proteins include antioxidant enzymes, chaperones and/or chaperone-like proteins, calcium-binding proteins, proteases, signal transduction proteins, and extracellular matrix proteins. Among these proteins, annexin A4, cyclophilin A, cathepsin D, galectin-1, 14-3-3zeta, alpha-enolase, peroxiredoxin I, TM2, and S100A8 were specifically overexpressed in tumors compared with normal and pancreatitis tissues. Differential expression of some of the identified proteins was further confirmed by Western blot analyses and/or immunohistochemical analysis. These results show the value of a proteomic approach in identifying potential markers for early diagnosis and therapeutic manipulation. The newly identified proteins in pancreatic tumors may eventually serve as diagnostic markers or therapeutic targets.
Shen, J; Person, MD; Zhu, J; Abbruzzese, JL; Li, D
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