Gemcitabine and cisplatin for patients with metastatic or recurrent esophageal carcinoma: a Southwest Oncology Group Study.
PURPOSE: Experimental data, both in vivo and in vitro, suggest that the combination of gemcitabine and cisplatin acts synergistically. Within the Southwest Oncology Group, we designed a Phase II trial to test this chemotherapy combination for patients with esophageal cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients with metastatic or recurrent esophageal cancer were treated with gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, and 15, and cisplatin 100 mg/m(2) on day 15. Cycles were repeated every 28 days. The statistical endpoint was overall survival. RESULTS: Sixty-four eligible patients were accrued from 37 institutions. Twenty-six percent of patients had prior chemotherapy. The treatment was generally well-tolerated, with the most common toxicity being neutropenia in 31% of patients. All 64 patients have died. Survival at 3 months was 81%, and at 1 year was 20%. Median survival was 7.3 months. CONCLUSIONS: This regimen is tolerable palliative option for patients with metastatic esophageal cancer.
Urba, SG; Chansky, K; VanVeldhuizen, PJ; Pluenneke, RE; Benedetti, JK; Macdonald, JS; Abbruzzese, JL; Southwest Oncology Group Study,
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