High Opening Injection Pressure Is Associated With Needle-Nerve and Needle-Fascia Contact During Femoral Nerve Block.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High opening injection pressures (OIPs) have been shown to predict sustained needle tip contact with the roots of the brachial plexus. Such roots have a uniquely high ratio of fascicular versus connective tissue. It is unknown if this relationship is preserved during multifascicular nerve blockade. We hypothesized that OIP can predict needle-nerve contact during femoral nerve block, as well as detect needle contact with the fascia iliaca. METHODS: Twenty adults scheduled for femoral block were recruited. Using ultrasound, a 22-gauge needle was sequentially placed in 4 locations: indenting the fascia iliaca, advanced through the fascia iliaca while lateral to the nerve, slightly indenting the femoral nerve, and withdrawn from the nerve 1 mm. At each location, the OIP required to initiate an injection of 1 mL D5W (5% dextrose in water) at 10 mL/min was recorded. Blinded investigators performed evaluations and aborted injections when an OIP of 15 psi was reached. RESULTS: Opening injection pressure was 15 psi or greater for 90% and 100% of cases when the needle indented the femoral nerve and fascia iliaca, respectively. Opening injection pressure was less than 15 psi for all 20 patients when the needle was withdrawn 1 mm from the nerve as well as at the subfascial position (McNemar χ2 P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Opening injection pressure greater than 15 psi was associated with a block needle tip position slightly indenting the epineurium of the femoral nerve (90%) and the fascia iliaca (100%). Needle tip positions not indenting these structures were associated with OIP of less than 15 psi (100%).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gadsden, J; Latmore, M; Levine, DM; Robinson, A

Published Date

  • January 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 50 - 55

PubMed ID

  • 26650431

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26650431

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-8651

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/AAP.0000000000000346

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England