Functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the BRCA1 gene and risk of salivary gland carcinoma.
OBJECTIVES: Polymorphic BRCA1 is a vital tumor suppressor gene within the DNA double-strand break repair pathways, but its association with salivary gland carcinoma (SGC) has yet to be investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control study of 156 SGC patients and 511 controls, we used unconditional logistical regression analyses to investigate the association between SGC risk and seven common functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (A1988G, A31875G, C33420T, A33921G, A34356G, T43893C and A55298G) in BRCA1. RESULTS: T43893C TC/CC genotype was associated with a reduction of SGC risk (adjusted odds ratio=0.55, 95% CI: 0.38-0.80, Bonferroni-adjusted p=0.011), which was more pronounced in women, non-Hispanic whites, and individuals with a family history of cancer in first-degree relatives. The interaction between T43893C and family history of cancer was significant (p=0.009). The GATGGCG and AACAACA haplotypes, both of which carry the T43893C minor allele, were also associated with reduced SGC risk. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that polymorphic BRCA1, particularly T43893C polymorphism, may protect against SGC.
Xu, L; Doan, PC; Wei, Q; Li, G; Sturgis, EM
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