Isolation and culture of murine primary chondrocytes


Journal Article

To identify factors that are necessary and sufficient for chondrocyte hypertrophic differentiation and cartilage matrix mineralization, primary chondrocyte culture models have been developed. Here we describe the isolation, short-term and long-term culture, and analysis of primary costal chondrocytes from the mouse. Briefly, sternae and rib cages from neonatal pups are dissected, and chondrocytes are isolated via enzymatic digestions. Chondrocytes are then plated at high density and cultured in the presence of ascorbic acid and beta-glycerophosphate as well as various recombinant proteins to promote or inhibit hypertrophic differentiation. We also describe the use of adenoviruses to recombine floxed alleles and over-express genes within these cultures. Finally, we detail methods for alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red staining that are used to visualize chondrocyte maturation and cartilage matrix mineralization. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mirando, AJ; Dong, Y; Kim, J; Hilton, MJ

Published Date

  • January 1, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 1130 /

Start / End Page

  • 267 - 277

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1064-3745

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-1-62703-989-5-20

Citation Source

  • Scopus