Longitudinal peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets correlate with decreased disease activity in juvenile dermatomyositis.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical characteristics and subsets of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), which correlate with decreased disease activity in patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 24 patients with JDM were collected at Mayo Clinic Rochester between 2007 and 2011. These were analyzed using fluorescence-activated cell sorting and flow cytometry. Clinical disease activity was determined by visual analog scales (VAS) collected in 2 consecutive visits and correlated with PBL subsets. RESULTS: The change in CD3+CD69+ T cells correlated with the change in global VAS scores. The change in HLA-DR- CD11c+ myeloid dendritic cells also correlated with the change in extramuscular VAS scores. There were trends toward decreased levels of HLA-DR- CD11c+ cells with decreased muscle and global VAS scores, but these did not reach significance. The change in HLA-DR- CD123+ plasmacytoid dendritic cells negatively correlated with the change in muscle VAS scores. Although not statistically significant, decreased levels of CD3-CD16- CD56+ natural killer (NK) cells and HLA-DR- CD86+ myeloid dendritic cells, and increased levels of CD16+CD56- NK cells, correlated with decreased VAS scores. CONCLUSION: Changes in CD3+CD69+ T cells, HLA-DR- CD11c+ myeloid dendritic cells, and HLA-DR- CD123+ plasmacytoid dendritic cells are associated with improved clinical course in JDM and could be used as markers for disease activity, but findings need to be verified in a larger, independent cohort. Lack of significant differences among most of our PBL subsets suggests that lymphocyte phenotyping may be difficult to definitively correlate with disease activity in JDM.
Ernste, FC; Crowson, CS; de Padilla, CL; Hein, MS; Reed, AM
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)