Longitudinal peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets correlate with decreased disease activity in juvenile dermatomyositis.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical characteristics and subsets of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), which correlate with decreased disease activity in patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 24 patients with JDM were collected at Mayo Clinic Rochester between 2007 and 2011. These were analyzed using fluorescence-activated cell sorting and flow cytometry. Clinical disease activity was determined by visual analog scales (VAS) collected in 2 consecutive visits and correlated with PBL subsets. RESULTS: The change in CD3+CD69+ T cells correlated with the change in global VAS scores. The change in HLA-DR- CD11c+ myeloid dendritic cells also correlated with the change in extramuscular VAS scores. There were trends toward decreased levels of HLA-DR- CD11c+ cells with decreased muscle and global VAS scores, but these did not reach significance. The change in HLA-DR- CD123+ plasmacytoid dendritic cells negatively correlated with the change in muscle VAS scores. Although not statistically significant, decreased levels of CD3-CD16- CD56+ natural killer (NK) cells and HLA-DR- CD86+ myeloid dendritic cells, and increased levels of CD16+CD56- NK cells, correlated with decreased VAS scores. CONCLUSION: Changes in CD3+CD69+ T cells, HLA-DR- CD11c+ myeloid dendritic cells, and HLA-DR- CD123+ plasmacytoid dendritic cells are associated with improved clinical course in JDM and could be used as markers for disease activity, but findings need to be verified in a larger, independent cohort. Lack of significant differences among most of our PBL subsets suggests that lymphocyte phenotyping may be difficult to definitively correlate with disease activity in JDM.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ernste, FC; Crowson, CS; de Padilla, CL; Hein, MS; Reed, AM

Published Date

  • July 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 40 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1200 - 1211

PubMed ID

  • 23678152

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0315-162X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3899/jrheum.121031


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Canada