Aggressive clinical pattern of angina at restenosis following coronary angioplasty in unstable angina.
The frequency, clinical pattern, and timing of recurrent angina following successful single-lesion percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was assessed in a consecutive group of 104 patients with stable angina and in 85 with unstable angina. In addition, the relationship between lesion morphology and angiographic features and the pattern of recurrent angina was determined. Restenosis, defined as recurrence of symptoms with > 50% stenosis at the site of PTCA, occurred in 25 (24%) of the stable group and in 23 (27%) of the unstable group (p = NS). The pattern of angina at repeat presentation was aggressive in nature in 8% of the stable group and in 48% of the unstable group (p = 0.002). The time interval between the recurrence of symptoms and repeat coronary angiogram or PTCA was longer in the nonaggressive group than in the aggressive group, 16 +/- 12.1 and 5 +/- 6.8 weeks, respectively (p < 0.003). The key factors predicting the recurrent angina pattern identified by multiple logistic regression analysis were the angina status pre-PTCA (p = 0.001) and the presence of double-vessel disease (p = 0.01). An aggressive pattern of angina at the time of restenosis is frequent in patients with unstable angina at the time of PTCA, and close post-PTCA surveillance is necessary in these patients.
Foley, JB; Chisholm, RJ; Common, AA; Langer, A; Armstrong, PW
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