Incorporation of silicone oil into elastomers enhances barnacle detachment by active surface strain.

Journal Article

Silicone-oil additives are often used in fouling-release silicone coatings to reduce the adhesion strength of barnacles and other biofouling organisms. This study follows on from a recently reported active approach to detach barnacles, which was based on the surface strain of elastomeric materials, by investigating a new, dual-action approach to barnacle detachment using Ecoflex®-based elastomers incorporated with poly(dimethylsiloxane)-based oil additives. The experimental results support the hypothesis that silicone-oil additives reduce the amount of substratum strain required to detach barnacles. The study also de-coupled the two effects of silicone oils (ie surface-activity and alteration of the bulk modulus) and examined their contributions in reducing barnacle adhesion strength. Further, a finite element model based on fracture mechanics was employed to qualitatively understand the effects of surface strain and substratum modulus on barnacle adhesion strength. The study demonstrates that dynamic substratum deformation of elastomers with silicone-oil additives provides a bifunctional approach towards management of biofouling by barnacles.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shivapooja, P; Cao, C; Orihuela, B; Levering, V; Zhao, X; Rittschof, D; López, GP

Published Date

  • October 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1017 - 1028

PubMed ID

  • 27560712

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1029-2454

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0892-7014

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/08927014.2016.1209186

Language

  • eng