Performing Concomitant Tricuspid Valve Repair at the Time of Mitral Valve Operations Is Not Associated With Increased Operative Mortality.


Journal Article

The performance of concomitant tricuspid valve repair (TVr) at the time of mitral valve repair or replacement (MVRR) has previously been associated with elevated short-term risk. Outcomes were assessed at incremental grades of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) to quantify the contemporary risk of concomitant TVr.Between July 2011 and June 2014, 88,473 patients undergoing MVRR were examined using The Society of Thoracic Surgeons database. Outcomes with or without TVr, after isolated MVRR (n = 62,118) and MVRR with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG [n = 26,355]), were independently analyzed at three levels of TR: none-mild, moderate, and severe. Risk-adjusted morbidity and mortality associated with the performance of concomitant TVr were evaluated using multivariable logistic regression.The TR was graded as none-mild in 74.3% of patients (65,769 of 88,473), moderate in 17.2% (15,222 of 88,473), and severe in 8.5% (7,482 of 88,473). The rate of TVr by TR grade was 3.5% (2,308 of 65,769) for none-mild, 30.6% (4,661 of 15,222) for moderate, and 75.6% (5,654 of 7,482) for severe. Overall risk-adjusted occurrence of any morbidity associated with performance of TVr was increased in both groups (MVRR odds ratio [OR] 1.36, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.24 to 1.48; and MVRR plus CABG OR 1.33, 95% CI: 1.19 to 1.49). However, at all grades of TR, TVr was not associated with increased risk-adjusted mortality (MVRR OR 0.99, 95% CI: 0.84 to 1.17; and MVRR plus CABG OR 1.04, 95% CI: 0.85 to 1.27).In contemporary patients, concomitant TVr is not associated with a risk-adjusted increase in mortality, regardless of TR severity. A more liberal approach to TVr at the time of MVRR may be justified when long-term benefits are thought to outweigh incremental short-term morbidity risk. Further investigation of longitudinal TVr outcomes is warranted.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Badhwar, V; Rankin, JS; He, M; Jacobs, JP; Furnary, AP; Fazzalari, FL; O'Brien, S; Gammie, JS; Shahian, DM

Published Date

  • February 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 103 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 587 - 593

PubMed ID

  • 27570159

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27570159

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-6259

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-4975

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2016.06.004


  • eng