Cyclosporine for Dry Eye Associated With Nivolumab: A Case Progressing to Corneal Perforation.
PURPOSE: To present the clinical outcome of 2 cases of severe dry eye associated with Nivolumab, with 1 case progressing to corneal perforation. DESIGN: Case report. CASE 1: : A 58-year-old man with metastatic melanoma was referred for the management of severe bilateral dry eyes after undergoing his sixth cycle of Nivolumab. The right eye progressed to corneal perforation 4 weeks after referral, after which Nivolumab was discontinued. When metastatic disease recurred, Nivolumab was continued with an ocular surface stabilized with an intensive regimen that included topical cyclosporine. CASE 2: : A 46-year-old woman with metastatic melanoma was referred for severe dry eye symptoms around the timing of her third cycle of Nivolumab. Improvement of symptoms and surface staining was achieved with a regimen that included aggressive lubrication and topical cyclosporine. On follow-up after completing Nivolumab therapy, metastatic melanoma has remained regressed. CONCLUSIONS: Nivolumab can cause or worsen dry eye disease to the point of corneal perforation. Given that its antitumor effect is immune-mediated, therapies targeting ocular surface inflammation can be effective for stabilizing dry eye disease in patients who continue treatment with Nivolumab.
Nguyen, AT; Elia, M; Materin, MA; Sznol, M; Chow, J
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