Obesity and prostate cancer-specific mortality after radical prostatectomy: results from the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital (SEARCH) database.

Journal Article

Background

At the population level, obesity is associated with prostate cancer (PC) mortality. However, few studies analyzed the associations between obesity and long-term PC-specific outcomes after initial treatment.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective analysis of 4268 radical prostatectomy patients within the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital (SEARCH) database. Cox models accounting for known risk factors were used to examine the associations between body mass index (BMI) and PC-specific mortality (PCSM; primary outcome). Secondary outcomes included biochemical recurrence (BCR) and castration-resistant PC (CRPC). BMI was used as a continuous and categorical variable (normal <25 kg/m2 , overweight 25-29.9 kg/m2 and obese ⩾30 kg/m2 ). Median follow-up among all men who were alive at last follow-up was 6.8 years (interquartile range=3.5-11.0). During this time, 1384 men developed BCR, 117 developed CRPC and 84 died from PC. Hazard ratios were analyzed using competing-risks regression analysis accounting for non-PC death as a competing risk.

Results

On crude analysis, higher BMI was not associated with risk of PCSM (P=0.112), BCR (0.259) and CRPC (P=0.277). However, when BMI was categorized, overweight (hazard ratio (HR) 1.99, P=0.034) and obesity (HR 1.97, P=0.048) were significantly associated with PCSM. Obesity and overweight were not associated with BCR or CRPC (all P⩾0.189). On multivariable analysis adjusting for both clinical and pathological features, results were little changed in that obesity (HR=2.05, P=0.039) and overweight (HR=1.88, P=0.061) were associated with higher risk of PCSM, but not with BCR or CRPC (all P⩾0.114) with the exception that the association for overweight was no longer statistical significant.

Conclusions

Overweight and obesity were associated with increased risk of PCSM after radical prostatectomy. If validated in larger studies with longer follow-up, obesity may be established as a potentially modifiable risk factor for PCSM.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Vidal, AC; Howard, LE; Sun, SX; Cooperberg, MR; Kane, CJ; Aronson, WJ; Terris, MK; Amling, CL; Freedland, SJ

Published Date

  • March 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 72 - 78

PubMed ID

  • 27698439

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27698439

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5608

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1365-7852

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/pcan.2016.47

Language

  • eng