The significance of pre-operative coronary interventions on outcome after pancreas transplantation.
Pancreas transplant candidates are at very high risk of coronary vascular disease. We hypothesized that the requirement for pre-operative coronary intervention (PCI) may be associated with an adverse impact on short- and long-term outcomes. Retrospective analysis of 366 consecutive primary pancreas transplants was undertaken. Outcomes were compared between recipients who had undergone PCI (n = 48) and those who had not (n = 318). In 48% (23/48) of instances, the PCI was initiated by the transplant cardiology evaluation. The recipients undergoing PCI were older than those not undergoing PCI (47.6 yr vs. 41.9 yr, respectively, p < 0.0001). Although not statistically significant, there was a higher rate of post-operative major cardiovascular events (MCVE) in the PCI group (10.4%) compared with those not undergoing PCI (4.7%) (RR [95% CI]: 2.0 [0.90-4.5]; p = 0.17). In the long term, there were no differences in the rate of death with graft function (p = 0.77) or rejection (p = 0.17). There were no statistically significant differences between the groups with respect to patient (p = 0.54), kidney (p = 0.76), or pancreas (p = 0.63) graft survival. PCI is not a risk factor for short-term perioperative events, and long-term transplant outcomes are equivalent to patients not requiring PCI. PCI, by itself, should not be considered a contraindication for pancreas transplantation, but should raise awareness of perioperative risk.
Laurence, JM; Barbas, AS; Sapisochin, G; Marquez, MA; Bazerbachi, F; Selzner, M; Norgate, A; McGilvray, ID; Schiff, J; Ross, H; Cattral, MS
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