Multisite, multivendor validation of the accuracy and reproducibility of proton-density fat-fraction quantification at 1.5T and 3T using a fat-water phantom.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of quantitative chemical shift-encoded (CSE) MRI to quantify proton-density fat-fraction (PDFF) in a fat-water phantom across sites, vendors, field strengths, and protocols. METHODS: Six sites (Philips, Siemens, and GE Healthcare) participated in this study. A phantom containing multiple vials with various oil/water suspensions (PDFF:0%-100%) was built, shipped to each site, and scanned at 1.5T and 3T using two CSE protocols per field strength. Confounder-corrected PDFF maps were reconstructed using a common algorithm. To assess accuracy, PDFF bias and linear regression with the known PDFF were calculated. To assess reproducibility, measurements were compared across sites, vendors, field strengths, and protocols using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), Bland-Altman analysis, and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: PDFF measurements revealed an overall absolute bias (across sites, field strengths, and protocols) of 0.22% (95% confidence interval, 0.07%-0.38%) and R2  > 0.995 relative to the known PDFF at each site, field strength, and protocol, with a slope between 0.96 and 1.02 and an intercept between -0.56% and 1.13%. ANCOVA did not reveal effects of field strength (P = 0.36) or protocol (P = 0.19). There was a significant effect of vendor (F = 25.13, P = 1.07 × 10-10 ) with a bias of -0.37% (Philips) and -1.22% (Siemens) relative to GE Healthcare. The overall ICC was 0.999. CONCLUSION: CSE-based fat quantification is accurate and reproducible across sites, vendors, field strengths, and protocols. Magn Reson Med 77:1516-1524, 2017. © 2016 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hernando, D; Sharma, SD; Aliyari Ghasabeh, M; Alvis, BD; Arora, SS; Hamilton, G; Pan, L; Shaffer, JM; Sofue, K; Szeverenyi, NM; Welch, EB; Yuan, Q; Bashir, MR; Kamel, IR; Rice, MJ; Sirlin, CB; Yokoo, T; Reeder, SB

Published Date

  • April 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 77 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1516 - 1524

PubMed ID

  • 27080068

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4835219

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1522-2594

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/mrm.26228


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States