Inhibition of coal fly ash polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and metals induced mixed-function oxidase activity in rat lung and liver by vitamin A and citrate.
Administration of benzene-soluble fraction (FAE) and benzene-insoluble fraction (FAR) of fly ash for 3 consecutive days to rats significantly raised cytochrome P-450 levels, aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) activity, and glutathione S-transferase activity in liver. This treatment also significantly increased pulmonary AHH and glutathione S-transferase activity. Intratracheal administration of FAR (5 mg/100 g body weight) alone for 6 consecutive days also significantly increased hepatic cytochrome P-450 levels and the activity of glutathione S-transferase. Intragastric administration of retinyl palmitate (5000 IU/100 g body weight), along with intratracheal FAE and FAR administration, significantly reduced P-450 levels, activity of glutathione S-transferase in liver, and activity of AHH and glutathione S-transferase in lung of rats. Intraperitoneal administration of citrate (40 mg/100 g body weight) along with FAR significantly reduced FAR-induced increase in hepatic cytochrome P-450 levels and glutathione S-transferase activity. The activity of AHH was not affected by these treatments.
Chauhan, SS; Srivastava, PK; Srivastava, VK; Kumar, V; Misra, UK
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