Hepatic mitochondrial membrane lipid environment and protein nutrition.
Effect of feeding rice diet with and without lysine and threonine supplementation on hepatic mitochondria and its inner and outer membrane proteins, enzymes and phospholipids has been studied. The exchange of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine between microsomes and mitochondria has also been studied under these conditions. Deficient diet lead to significant decrease in proteins as well as activities of monoamine oxidase, succinate dehydrogenase, cytochrome a + a3 and cytochrome c in mitochondria and its inner and outer membranes. Feeding of the deficient diet also significantly reduced total phospholipids and PC in mitochondria and its outer mitochondrial membrane. In the inner mitochondrial membrane, only PE and cardiolipin were reduced. The incorporation (DPM/microgram PLP) of [methyl-3H]choline and [methyl-14C]methionine into PC of mitochondria and its outer membrane and that of 32Pi into PC and PE of outer mitochondrial membrane but only into PC of inner mitochondrial membrane were significantly reduced in the deficient group. The exchange rates of PC and PE between microsomes and mitochondria were reduced in the deficient group. Supplementation of the deficient diet with lysine and threonine profoundly improved the above biochemical lesions as compared to casein fed rats.
Ahmad, S; Jaiswal, AS; Misra, UK
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