Quantitative and Qualitative Comparison of Single-Source Dual-Energy Computed Tomography and 120-kVp Computed Tomography for the Assessment of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma.
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) between pancreatic-phase dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) and 120-kVp CT for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight patients underwent multiphasic pancreatic imaging protocols for PDA (40, DECT; 38, 120-kVp CT [control]). Using pancreatic phase, CNR and SNR for PDA were obtained for DECT at monochromatic energies 50 through 80 keV, iodine material density images, and 120-kVp images. Using a 5-point scale (1, excellent; 5, markedly limited), images were qualitatively assessed by 2 radiologists in consensus for PDA detection, extension, vascular involvement, and noise. Wilcoxon signed rank and 2-sample tests were used to compare the qualitative measures, CNR and SNR, for DECT and 120-kVp images. Bonferroni correction was applied. RESULTS: Iodine material density image had significantly higher CNR and SNR for PDA than any monochromatic energy images (P < 0.0001) and the 120-kVp images. Qualitatively, 70-keV images were rated highest in the categories of tumor extension and vascular invasion and were similar to 120-kVp images. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that DECT improves PDA lesion conspicuity compared with routine 120-kVp CT, which may allow for better detection of PDA.
Bhosale, P; Le, O; Balachandran, A; Fox, P; Paulson, E; Tamm, E
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