Quantitative and Qualitative Comparison of Single-Source Dual-Energy Computed Tomography and 120-kVp Computed Tomography for the Assessment of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) between pancreatic-phase dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) and 120-kVp CT for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight patients underwent multiphasic pancreatic imaging protocols for PDA (40, DECT; 38, 120-kVp CT [control]). Using pancreatic phase, CNR and SNR for PDA were obtained for DECT at monochromatic energies 50 through 80 keV, iodine material density images, and 120-kVp images. Using a 5-point scale (1, excellent; 5, markedly limited), images were qualitatively assessed by 2 radiologists in consensus for PDA detection, extension, vascular involvement, and noise. Wilcoxon signed rank and 2-sample tests were used to compare the qualitative measures, CNR and SNR, for DECT and 120-kVp images. Bonferroni correction was applied. RESULTS: Iodine material density image had significantly higher CNR and SNR for PDA than any monochromatic energy images (P < 0.0001) and the 120-kVp images. Qualitatively, 70-keV images were rated highest in the categories of tumor extension and vascular invasion and were similar to 120-kVp images. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that DECT improves PDA lesion conspicuity compared with routine 120-kVp CT, which may allow for better detection of PDA.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bhosale, P; Le, O; Balachandran, A; Fox, P; Paulson, E; Tamm, E

Published Date

  • November 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 907 - 913

PubMed ID

  • 26295192

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26295192

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-3145

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/RCT.0000000000000295

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States