American Indian and Alaska Native infant and pediatric mortality, United States, 1999-2009.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: We described American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) infant and pediatric death rates and leading causes of death. METHODS: We adjusted National Vital Statistics System mortality data for AI/AN racial misclassification by linkage with Indian Health Service (IHS) registration records. We determined average annual death rates and leading causes of death for 1999 to 2009 for AI/AN versus White infants and children. We limited the analysis to IHS Contract Health Service Delivery Area counties. RESULTS: The AI/AN infant death rate was 914 (rate ratio [RR] = 1.61; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.55, 1.67). Sudden infant death syndrome, unintentional injuries, and influenza or pneumonia were more common in AI/AN versus White infants. The overall AI/AN pediatric death rates were 69.6 for ages 1 to 4 years (RR = 2.56; 95% CI = 2.38, 2.75), 28.9 for ages 5 to 9 years (RR = 2.12; 95% CI = 1.92, 2.34), 37.3 for ages 10 to 14 years (RR = 2.22; 95% CI = 2.04, 2.40), and 158.4 for ages 15 to 19 years (RR = 2.71; 95% CI = 2.60, 2.82). Unintentional injuries and suicide occurred at higher rates among AI/AN youths versus White youths. CONCLUSIONS: Death rates for AI/AN infants and children were higher than for Whites, with regional disparities. Several leading causes of death in the AI/AN pediatric population are potentially preventable.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wong, CA; Gachupin, FC; Holman, RC; MacDorman, MF; Cheek, JE; Holve, S; Singleton, RJ

Published Date

  • June 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 104 Suppl 3 /

Start / End Page

  • S320 - S328

PubMed ID

  • 24754619

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24754619

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1541-0048

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0090-0036

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2105/ajph.2013.301598

Language

  • eng