Pulmonary and pleural responses in Fischer 344 rats following short-term inhalation of a synthetic vitreous fiber. I. Quantitation of lung and pleural fiber burdens.
The pleura is an important target tissue of fiber-induced disease, although it is not known whether fibers must be in direct contact with pleural cells to exert pathologic effects. In the present study, we determined the kinetics of fiber movement into pleural tissues of rats following inhalation of RCF-1, a ceramic fiber previously shown to induce neoplasms in the lung and pleura of rats. Male Fischer 344 rats were exposed by nose-only inhalation to RCF-1 at 89 mg/m3 (2645 WHO fibers/cc), 6 hr/day for 5 consecutive days. On Days 5 and 32, thoracic tissues were analyzed to determine pulmonary and pleural fiber burdens. Mean fiber counts were 22 x 10(6)/lung (25 x 10(3)/pleura) at Day 5 and 18 x 10(6)/lung (16 x 10(3)/pleura) at Day 32. Similar geometric mean lengths (GML) and diameters (GMD) of pulmonary fiber burdens were observed at both time points. Values were 5 microns for GML (geometric standard deviation GSD approximately 2.3) and 0.3 micron for GMD (GSD approximately 1.9), with correlations between length and diameter (tau) of 0.2-0.3. Size distributions of pleural fiber burdens at both time points were approximately 1.5 microns GML (GSD approximately 2.0) and 0.09 micron GMD (GSD approximately 1.5; tau approximately 0.2-0.5). Few fibers longer than 5 microns were observed at either time point. These findings demonstrate that fibers can rapidly translocate to pleural tissues. However, only short, thin (< 5 microns in length) fibers could be detected over the 32-day time course of the experiment.
Gelzleichter, TR; Bermudez, E; Mangum, JB; Wong, BA; Everitt, JI; Moss, OR
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