Pleural lesions in Syrian golden hamsters and Fischer-344 rats following intrapleural instillation of man-made ceramic or glass fibers.
The mesothelium is a target of the toxic and carcinogenic effects of certain natural mineral and man-made fibers. Long-term inhalation of a ceramic fiber (RCF-1) results in a high incidence of pleural mesotheliomas in Syrian golden hamsters but not in identically exposed Fischer-344 rats. The present study compared the histopathology of the early pleural response in rats and hamsters instilled with artificial fibers. Groups of Syrian golden hamsters and Fischer-344 rats were instilled with ceramic (RCF-1) or glass (MMVF-10) fibers directly into the pleural space. Each species received approximately equal numbers of long, thin fibers per g body weight. Fiber-induced lesions were compared 7 and 28 days postinstillation. Both hamsters and rats developed qualitatively similar dose-dependent inflammatory lesions that were not fiber-type specific. Both species developed fibrosis in conjunction with inflammation in the visceral pleura, but a striking interspecies difference was noted in the pattern of mesothelial cell response. Hamsters developed greater surface mesothelial cell proliferation and had focal aggregates of mesothelial cells embedded deep within regions of visceral pleural fibrosis. It is hypothesized from the present study that the marked fiber-induced proliferative mesothelial cell response of the hamster visceral pleura may explain the high number of pleural mesotheliomas found in long-term fiber studies in this species.
Everitt, JI; Bermudez, E; Mangum, JB; Wong, B; Moss, OR; Janszen, D; Rutten, AA
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