Autism Behavior Inventory: A Novel Tool for Assessing Core and Associated Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Autism Behavior Inventory (ABI) is a new measure for assessing changes in core and associated symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in participants (ages: 3 years-adulthood) diagnosed with ASD. It is a web-based tool with five domains (two ASD core domains: social communication, restrictive and repetitive behaviors; three associated domains: mental health, self-regulation, and challenging behavior). This study describes design, development, and initial psychometric properties of the ABI.ABI items were generated following review of existing measures and inputs from expert clinicians. Initial ABI scale contained 161 items that were reduced to fit a factor analytic model, retaining items of adequate reliability. Two versions of the scale, ABI-full (ABI-F; 93 items) and ABI-short version (ABI-S; 36 items), were developed and evaluated for psychometric properties, including validity comparisons with commonly used measures. Both scales were administered to parents and healthcare professionals (HCPs) involved with study participants.Test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.79) for parent ratings on ABI was robust and compared favorably to existing scales. Test-retest correlations for HCP ratings were generally lower versus parent ratings. ABI core domains and comparison measures strongly correlated (r ≥ 0.70), demonstrating good concurrent validity.Overall, ABI demonstrates promise as a tool for measuring change in core symptoms of autism in ASD clinical studies, with further validation required.
Bangerter, A; Ness, S; Aman, MG; Esbensen, AJ; Goodwin, MS; Dawson, G; Hendren, R; Leventhal, B; Khan, A; Opler, M; Harris, A; Pandina, G
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