Contemporary Trends in Oral Anticoagulant Prescription in Atrial Fibrillation Patients at Low to Moderate Risk of Stroke After Guideline-Recommended Change in Use of the CHADS2 to the CHA2DS2-VASc Score for Thromboembolic Risk Assessment: Analysis From the National Cardiovascular Data Registry's Outpatient Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence Atrial Fibrillation Registry.
BACKGROUND: Use of the CHA2DS2-VASc score instead of the CHADS2 score for thromboembolic risk stratification and initiation of oral anticoagulation (OAC) was recommended in the 2014 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology/Heart Rhythm Society atrial fibrillation (AF) guidelines. We sought to define the proportion of patients with AF qualifying for and receiving OAC in contemporary practice by applying the CHA2DS2-VASc score to patients with a low CHADS2 score. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among patients with AF enrolled in the American College of Cardiology National Cardiovascular Data Registry's outpatient Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence registry (2008-2014) CHADS2 score of 0 or 1, we calculated the impact of adoption of the CHA2DS2-VASc score on the proportion of patients with an indication for OAC. We examined trends in prescription of OAC overall, direct OAC (dabigatran/rivaroxaban/apixaban), and multivariable associations between clinical characteristics and OAC use. Of 346 068 patients with AF aged 65±12 years, 61% were men and 65% were white. In total, 24% of those with CHADS2=0 and 81% of those with a CHADS2=1 were reclassified as having a definite indication for OAC (CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥2). OAC use increased from 37% to 48% during the study period, and direct OAC use increased from 5% to 30%. Increasing CHA2DS2-VASc score (odds ratio, 2.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.97-2.19 for score of 4 versus 0) and rhythm control strategy (odds ratio, 1.34; 95% confidence interval, 1.30-1.39) were associated with increased OAC use. CONCLUSIONS: Adoption of the CHA2DS2-VASc score reclassifies 64.5% of patients with AF with low CHADS2 scores into a class I indication for OAC prescription. Overall OAC prescription increased between 2011 and 2014.
Katz, DF; Maddox, TM; Turakhia, M; Gehi, A; O'Brien, EC; Lubitz, SA; Turchin, A; Doros, G; Lei, L; Varosy, P; Marzec, L; Hsu, JC
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