Three-Year-Olds' Reactions to a Partner's Failure to Perform Her Role in a Joint Commitment.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

When children make a joint commitment to collaborate, obligations are created. Pairs of 3-year-old children (N = 144) made a joint commitment to play a game. In three different conditions the game was interrupted in the middle either because: (a) the partner child intentionally defected, (b) the partner child was ignorant about how to play, or (c) the apparatus broke. The subject child reacted differently in the three cases, protesting normatively against defection (with emotional arousal and later tattling), teaching when the partner seemed to be ignorant, or simply blaming the apparatus when it broke. These results suggest that 3-year-old children are competent in making appropriate normative evaluations of intentions and obligations of collaborative partners.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kachel, U; Svetlova, M; Tomasello, M

Published Date

  • September 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 89 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1691 - 1703

PubMed ID

  • 28508396

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-8624

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-3920

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/cdev.12816


  • eng