Initial Stability of Cemented vs Cementless Tibial Components Under Cyclic Load.

Published

Journal Article

Cement fixation of total knee components remains the gold standard despite resurgence in cementless fixation with the goal of long-term durable fixation. Initial stability is paramount to achieve bony ingrowth of cementless components.Twelve cemented and cementless tibial baseplates were implanted into sawbones and tested using a physiological medial-lateral load distribution for 10,000 cycles to represent 8 weeks of in vivo function. Micromotion was measured at 5 locations around the baseplate during loading.Cycling had a significant effect on the change in micromotion between maximum and minimum loads at the anterior, medial, lateral, posteromedial, and posterolateral tray edge locations. A significant effect of fixation technique was detected for the anterior (P < .001), medial (P = .002), and lateral (P = .0056) locations but not for the posteromedial (P = .36) or posterolateral (P = .82) locations. Differences in micromotion between cemented and cementless components did not exceed 150 μm at any tested location.The micromotion experienced by cementless tibial components in the present study may indicate a lower initial mechanical stability than the cemented group. However, this difference in initial stability may be subclinical because the differences between average cemented and cementless micromotion were <150 μm at all measured locations under the loading regime implemented.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Crook, PD; Owen, JR; Hess, SR; Al-Humadi, SM; Wayne, JS; Jiranek, WA

Published Date

  • August 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 2556 - 2562

PubMed ID

  • 28433426

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28433426

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-8406

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0883-5403

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.arth.2017.03.039

Language

  • eng