Translating basic psychopathology research to preventive interventions: a tribute to john R. Z. Abela.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

This article highlights how the many important contributions of John R. Z. Abela's research program can inform the development and implementation of interventions for preventing depression in youth. Abela provided evidence of multiple vulnerabilities to depression including cognitive (e.g., inferential style, dysfunctional attitudes, ruminative response style), interpersonal (e.g., reassurance seeking, attachment, dependency), personality (e.g., neuroticism, self-criticism), and contextual (e.g., stress, parental depression). He introduced important methodological advances to the study of the hopelessness model of depression, especially in children, including the "weakest link" approach, cognitive priming, and idiographic measurement of stress. We briefly review what is currently known about the prevention of depression regarding intervention targets, content, outcomes, effect sizes, moderators, mediators, specificity, and durability. Next, we summarize several of Abela's contributions that are most relevant to the prevention of depression. We describe the implications of Abela's work for the development, implementation, and testing of programs aimed at preventing depression and discuss important challenges such as the transfer of training to and the personalization of interventions so as to capitalize on individuals' strengths versus compensate for their weaknesses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Garber, J; Korelitz, K; Samanez-Larkin, S

Published Date

  • January 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 666 - 681

PubMed ID

  • 22891820

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22891820

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-4424

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1537-4416

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/15374416.2012.710161

Language

  • eng