Tough Semicrystalline Thiol-Ene Photopolymers Incorporating Spiroacetal Alkenes

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We report a tough, semicrystalline, ternary thiol-ene polymer system containing linear dithiols, cross-linking trithiols, and spiroacetal alkene units in the main chain backbone that is synthesized by "click" ultraviolet photopolymerization in a one-step, solvent-free process. We varied the cross-link density to tune crystallinity and microstructure; in turn, thermomechanical properties such as yield strength, glass transition temperature, failure strain, and stress-strain behavior could be modified and controlled. Thiol-enes containing 7.5 and 10 thiol mol % cross-linker resulted in networks that balanced crystallinity, elasticity, and cross-linking to maximize toughness. These materials demonstrate how the presence of spiro units throughout a polymer's backbone creates semicrystalline networks of substantial toughness from traditionally weak chemistries such as thiol-enes. This system can be synthesized in a neat, one-step photopolymerization process; as such, it illustrates the power of spirochemistry in designing photopolymers with tunable, robust thermomechanical properties.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sycks, DG; Safranski, DL; Reddy, NB; Sun, E; Gall, K

Published Date

  • June 13, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 50 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 4281 - 4291

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-5835

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0024-9297

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acs.macromol.7b00628

Citation Source

  • Scopus