Assessment of Long-Term Bowel Symptoms After Segmental Resection of Deeply Infiltrating Endometriosis: A Matched Cohort Study.
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term bowel symptoms in women who underwent segmental bowel resection for deep-infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) compared with women who underwent resection of severe endometriosis without bowel resection. DESIGN: Cohort study with matched controls (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Cleveland Clinic. PATIENTS: 71 patients (36 cases and 35 controls). INTERVENTIONS: Patients who were at least 4 years out from undergoing segmental bowel resection due to DIE were matched with patients who had undergone resection of stage III/IV endometriosis without bowel resection. The patients completed validated questionnaires, and data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank-sum, χ(2), and Fisher exact tests. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The Bristol Stool Form Scale, Patient Assessment of Constipation Symptoms Questionnaire (PAC-SYM), and St Mark's Vaizey Fecal Incontinence Grading System were used to elicit information. The median duration of follow-up was 10.1 years (range, 4-18 years). The mean patient age and body mass index were comparable in the cases and the controls. A larger proportion of cases than controls reported new bowel symptoms (58% [21 of 36] vs 14% [5 of 35]; p = .001), as well as abdominal pain, incomplete bowel movements, and false alarms on the PAC-SYM questionnaire; however, total PAC-SYM and Vaizey Fecal Incontinence Grading System scores were similar in the 2 groups (median, 8 [interquartile range, 8-10] vs 8 [8-10]; p = .86). Similarly, the proportion of patients with normal stool consistency (Bristol Stool Form Scale score 2-6) was similar in the 2 groups (80.6% [29 of 36] vs 94.3% [33 of 35]; p = .59). CONCLUSION: Segmental bowel resection for DIE may be associated with a higher incidence of new bowel symptoms (possibly due to abdominal pain, incomplete bowel movements, and/or false alarms), but not with worse constipation or fecal incontinence, compared with surgery without bowel resection.
Soto, E; Catenacci, M; Bedient, C; Jelovsek, JE; Falcone, T
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