Adults Who Were Adopted Contacting Their Birthmothers: What Are the Outcomes, and What Factors Influence These Outcomes?


Journal Article

In the present study, adults (n = 90) who were adopted were surveyed about their contact experience and the types of relationships formed with their birthmothers as a result of the contact experience. Results showed that the majority of participants evaluated the contact experience as a positive experience and had established satisfactory relationships with their birthmothers. Participants who were not satisfied with the relationship with their birthmothers referred to a lack of interest on the part of the birthmother, discrepancies in lifestyle and values, and secrecy as reasons for their dissatisfaction. The general evaluation of the contact experience was predicted by the closeness established between the participant and the birthmother. Attachment to adoptive mother and resentment toward birthmother did not predict the outcome for the contact experience. © 2003 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Müller, U; Gibbs, P; Ariely, SG

Published Date

  • January 5, 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 7 - 25

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1544-452X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1092-6755

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1300/J145v07n01_02

Citation Source

  • Scopus