The dynamic epitranscriptome: N6-methyladenosine and gene expression control.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

N(6)-methyladenosine (m(6)A) is a modified base that has long been known to be present in non-coding RNAs, ribosomal RNA, polyadenylated RNA and at least one mammalian mRNA. However, our understanding of the prevalence of this modification has been fundamentally redefined by transcriptome-wide m(6)A mapping studies, which have shown that m(6)A is present in a large subset of the transcriptome in specific regions of mRNA. This suggests that mRNA may undergo post-transcriptional methylation to regulate its fate and function, which is analogous to methyl modifications in DNA. Thus, the pattern of methylation constitutes an mRNA 'epitranscriptome'. The identification of adenosine methyltransferases ('writers'), m(6)A demethylating enzymes ('erasers') and m(6)A-binding proteins ('readers') is helping to define cellular pathways for the post-transcriptional regulation of mRNAs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Meyer, KD; Jaffrey, SR

Published Date

  • May 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 313 - 326

PubMed ID

  • 24713629

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24713629

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1471-0080

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1471-0072

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/nrm3785

Language

  • eng