Genetic heterogeneity for autosomal recessive pyridoxine-dependent seizures.
Pyridoxine-dependent seizure (PDS) is a rare autosomal recessive intractable seizure disorder only controlled by a daily supplementation of pharmacological doses of pyridoxine (Vitamin B6). Although glutamate decarboxylase utilizes pyridoxal phosphate as a cofactor during conversion of the excitatory amino acid, glutamate, to the inhibitory neurotransmitter, gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA), several studies have failed to demonstrate a linkage to either of the glutamate-decarboxylase-encoding genes (GAD1 and GAD2) and PDS excluding involvement of this functional candidate. However, in 2000, a locus for PDS was mapped to a 5 cM interval at chromosome 5q31 in four consanguineous and one multisib pedigree (Z(max)=8.43 at theta=0 for marker D5S2017) [Cormier-Daire et al. in Am J Hum Genet 67(4):991-993 2000]. We undertook molecular genetic studies of six nonconsanguineous North American families, using up to ten microsatellite markers to perform haplotype segregation analysis of the 5q31 locus. Assignment to the chromosome 5q PDS locus was excluded in one of the six North American PDS pedigrees, as chromosome 5q31 haplotypes were incompatible with linkage to this locus. The remaining five PDS pedigrees showed haplotype segregation consistent with linkage to 5q31, generating a maximum combined lod score of 1.87 (theta=0) at marker D5S2011. In this study, we establish genetic heterogeneity for PDS, catalog 21 genes within the originally defined PDS interval, and identify additional recombinations that indicate a higher priority interval, containing just 11 genes.
Bennett, CL; Huynh, HM; Chance, PF; Glass, IA; Gospe, SM
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