Behavioral and neurochemical changes in folate-deficient mice.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Weanling mice were fed an amino acid-based diet supplemented with 0 or 11.3 mumol folic acid/kg diet for approximately 38 days to study behavior and neurochemistry in folate deficiency. After approximately 5 wk, mice fed the unsupplemented diet weighted approximately 70% as much those fed the supplemented diet. After 2 wk, mice fed the unsupplemented diet consistently discarded (spilled) more food, and after approximately 5 wk, they had spilled 3 times more than mice fed the supplemented diet. Serum folate, brain folate and brain S-adenosylmethionine of mice fed the unsupplemented diet were 4, 53, and 60% as high, respectively, as those of mice fed the supplemented diet. Pathologic changes were not evident in brain, spinal cord, or skeletal muscle of folate-deficient mice. The hypothalamic 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid/serotonin ratio and caudate dopamine, homovanillic acid, and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid concentrations were lower in deficient than control mice. Folate-deficient mice develop a behavioral activity, food spilling, which may have a neurochemical basis in the serotonin and dopamine systems.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gospe, SM; Gietzen, DW; Summers, PJ; Lunetta, JM; Miller, JW; Selhub, J; Ellis, WG; Clifford, AJ

Published Date

  • November 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 58 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 935 - 941

PubMed ID

  • 8577891

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-9384

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0031-9384(95)00156-d


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States