Pericranial flap for endoscopic anterior skull-base reconstruction: clinical outcomes and radioanatomic analysis of preoperative planning.
(Clinical Trial;Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges of cranial base surgery is reconstruction of the dural defect and prevention of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula. The introduction of endoscopic techniques and an endonasal approach to the ventral skull base has created new challenges for reconstruction. OBJECTIVE: We have developed an endoscopic pericranial flap (PCF) for skull base reconstruction and hereby present the initial cohort of patients who had endonasal reconstruction with a PCF after endoscopic skull base resection. We also demonstrate a method to radiographically incorporate anticipated skull base defects for preoperative planning of PCF length. METHODS: Dural defects after endonasal skull base resection of invasive tumors were reconstructed with an onlay PCF (n = 10). We performed radiological studies to assist preoperative planning for where to make incisions while harvesting a PCF for anterior skull base, sellar, and clival defects. RESULTS: Each of the 10 patients had excellent healing of their skull base and had no evidence of any postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Eight patients had radiation therapy without flap complications. Radiographic studies demonstrate that the adequate PCF length, covering defects of the anterior skull base, sellar, and clival defects are 11.31 to 12.44 cm, 14.31 to 15.57 cm, and 18.5 to 20.42 cm, respectively. CONCLUSION: The PCF provides an option for endonasal reconstruction of cranial base defects and can be harvested endoscopically. Pre-operative radiographic evaluation may guide surgical planning. There is minimal donor site morbidity, and the flap provides enough surface area to cover the entire ventral skull base.
Patel, MR; Shah, RN; Snyderman, CH; Carrau, RL; Germanwala, AV; Kassam, AB; Zanation, AM
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