Road traffic crashes and built environment analysis of crash hotspots based on local police data in Galle, Sri Lanka.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Road traffic crashes (RTCs) are a leading cause of death and disability. In low- and middle-income countries, vulnerable road users are commonly involved in injurious RTCs. This study describes epidemiological and built environment analysis (BEA) of in Galle, Sri Lanka. After ethical and police permission, police data were collected and descriptive statistics tabulated. Spatial analysis identified hot spots and BEA was conducted at each location. Seven hundred and fifty-two victim data from 389 reported RTCs were collected. Most victims were male (91%) 21-50 years of age (>70%). Forty-nine percent of RTCs were non-grievous. Crashes commonly included motorcycles (33.9%), three-wheelers (18.3%) or cars (14.4%). Most victims were drivers (33.4%) or pedestrians (21.3%). Factors contributing to RTCs include aggressive driving (44.5%) or speeding (42.7%). All hotspots were in urban areas, and most were at intersections (63%). Further analysis of hot spots is necessary to identify areas for intervention.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • De Silva, V; Tharindra, H; Vissoci, JRN; Andrade, L; Mallawaarachchi, BC; Østbye, T; Staton, CA

Published Date

  • September 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 311 - 318

PubMed ID

  • 29411680

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6425729

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1745-7319

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/17457300.2018.1431932


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England