Microplastics in oysters Saccostrea cucullata along the Pearl River Estuary, China.

Published

Journal Article

As a transitional zone between riverine and marine environments, an estuary plays an important role for the sources, accumulation and transport of microplastics. Although estuarine environments are hotspots of microplastic pollution, the correlation between microplastic pollution and aquatic organisms is less known. Here we investigated microplastic pollution in wild oysters Saccostrea cucullata from 11 sampling sites along the Pearl River Estuary in South China. The microplastic abundances in oysters ranged from 1.4 to 7.0 items per individual or from 1.5 to 7.2 items per gram tissue wet weight, which were positively related to those in surrounding waters. The oysters near urban areas contained significantly more microplastics than those near rural areas. Fibers accounted for 69.4% of the total microplastics in oysters. Microplastic sizes varied from 20 to 5000 μm and 83.9% of which were less than 100 μm. Light color microplastics were significantly more common than dark color ones. Based on the results, oysters are recommended as a biomonitor for the microplastic pollution in estuaries.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Li, H-X; Ma, L-S; Lin, L; Ni, Z-X; Xu, X-R; Shi, H-H; Yan, Y; Zheng, G-M; Rittschof, D

Published Date

  • May 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 236 /

Start / End Page

  • 619 - 625

PubMed ID

  • 29433102

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29433102

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-6424

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0269-7491

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.01.083

Language

  • eng