Improved Hemoglobin Response with Ferric Carboxymaltose in Patients with Gastrointestinal-Related Iron-Deficiency Anemia Versus Oral Iron.

Published

Journal Article

AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous (IV) ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) versus oral iron and other IV iron therapies in patients with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) resulting from gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. METHODS: A pooled analysis of four prospective, randomized, active-controlled trials in patients with IDA was performed. Efficacy measures included change from baseline in hemoglobin (Hb), ferritin, and transferrin saturation (TSAT) and correlations of baseline Hb, ferritin, and TSAT to change in Hb. The incidence and type of adverse events were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 191 patients were evaluated. The mean change in Hb from baseline to the maximum value was 0.8 g/dL with oral iron (P = 0.001 vs. FCM), 2.2 g/dL with FCM, 2.0 g/dL with any IV iron (P = 0.391 vs. FCM), and 1.9 g/dL with iron sucrose (P = 0.329 vs. FCM). Patients treated with FCM and iron sucrose had larger increases in Hb. This effect may have been attributed to a lower baseline Hb level. Drug-related adverse events occurred in 11.9, 12, 26.2, and 25% and serious adverse events (SAEs) occurred in 6.9, 4, 9.8, and 12.5% of patients in the FCM, oral iron, other IV iron therapies, and iron sucrose groups, respectively. No SAEs were considered treatment related in the FCM group, compared with two treatment-related SAEs in two patients (6.3%) in the iron sucrose group. CONCLUSIONS: FCM is an effective therapy in patients with IDA who have GI disorders and has a safety profile comparable to that of other IV iron agents.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lichtenstein, GR; Onken, JE

Published Date

  • November 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 63 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 3009 - 3019

PubMed ID

  • 30056562

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30056562

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-2568

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10620-018-5204-3

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States