Gain modulation by nicotine in macaque v1.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Acetylcholine is a ubiquitous cortical neuromodulator implicated in cognition. In order to understand the potential for acetylcholine to play a role in visual attention, we studied nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) localization and function in area V1 of the macaque. We found nAChRs presynaptically at thalamic synapses onto excitatory, but not inhibitory, neurons in the primary thalamorecipient layer 4c. Furthermore, consistent with the release enhancement suggested by this localization, we discovered that nicotine increases responsiveness and lowers contrast threshold in layer 4c neurons. We also found that nAChRs are expressed by GABAergic interneurons in V1 but rarely by pyramidal neurons, and that nicotine suppresses visual responses outside layer 4c. All sensory systems incorporate gain control mechanisms, or processes which dynamically alter input/output relationships. We demonstrate that at the site of thalamic input to visual cortex, the effect of this nAChR-mediated gain is an enhancement of the detection of visual stimuli.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Disney, AA; Aoki, C; Hawken, MJ

Published Date

  • November 21, 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 56 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 701 - 713

PubMed ID

  • 18031686

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2875676

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0896-6273

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.neuron.2007.09.034


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States